March 16, 2000, Rutland Herald
OMYA's Bully Tactics Won't Work
Commentary by Marshall Squier
I often wondered why there was so much anti-American feeling in Third World countries. Most of this was caused by big corporate America going into these countries and exploiting their natural resources, disrupting the native peoples' way of life, extracting billions and billions of dollars and leaving little prosperity for these people. How is it done? Pressure and promises and threats to public officials getting high government support and a greedy will to succeed. Unfortunately their bottom line is the most important thing for them.
I find some disturbing parallels right here in the Southwest Territory, one of Vermont's most beautiful and rural areas. Pluss-Staufer Industries from Switzerland, OMYA in Vermont, one of the world's largest and wealthiest mineral companies is now the 2nd largest landowner in the state of Vermont, owning property in maybe 30 towns or more. They have a large facility in Florence grinding up the marble 24 hours a day. Demand for these products are increasing and no size is too big apparently.
In the Act 250 hearings for more trucks through Brandon employees from another company who works for OMYA were seen at the hearing. Was this volunteer pressure on the district board maybe trying to intimidate them or were they paid or forced or pressured to attend? Governor Dean was sent an open letter by OMYA threatening to move some of their operations to New Hampshire or elsewhere if their demands were not met. They are also wanting taxpayer money to build them a railroad spur.
OMYA now would like to open a new open-pit quarry in Danby. They have stated that it could last at least 50 years minimum, more likely much longer. And they would be trucking this material through many small farming towns and villages, as well as the city of Rutland. They must get an Act 250 permit to open this new quarry. So what do they try first? To get the Danby selectboard to sign a letter of support of this project without first asking the townspeople. This is a typical tactic of big business, as the pipeline/power plant people tried this also. But concerned Vermont peasants got in the way, showing up at the selectboard meeting with petitions where they asked the selectboard not to sign.
Tinmouth, most likely a statutory party to an Act 250 hearing, would be represented by our Planning Commission. I chair the Planning Commission and have been on it for over 28 years. I received a call from an OMYA representative asking how the town might feel if 40 loaded and 40 unloaded, 76,000-pound tractor-trailer dump trucks a day came through our quiet farming community. I explained that the trucking would not be well received. Instead of hearing meadowlarks and geese, we would hear drilling, blasting and rock crushing 6 days a week. Then I was reminded by this representative of OMYA who said, "now this is just a joke, but remember that your lease is coming due this spring for the farm you rent from us." I told this individual what they could do with their lease. I was quite upset at their tactic. The lease subject was brought up by OMYA at a private meeting with a Danby landowner, stating that I rented a farm from them, maybe insinuating I would not be as opposed because of this. I had had enough.
I called the State's Attorneys and Secretary of State's office and spoke with legal people from Cities and Towns. Not only do I find this highly unethical and a personal insult to me, it borders on tampering with public officials. Gosh, could Vermont be a Third World Country? I'm a logger in the winter and cut and sell hay with my family in the summers. It takes a three-legged chicken to scratch out a living sometimes in these hills but I would rather scratch a little harder than to deal with a company who would use these tactics or insinuate a connection. I am publicly giving up any interest in renewing my lease on that farm.
Act 250 addresses many of the concerns of the people, even though a bill that would limit public input is sneaking its way through the legislature. Let the people be heard. Intimidation should be no part of this law. Governor Dean would not come and talk to the people about the pipeline/power plant fiasco. We'll give you another chance. People in this territory don't need to be told what we should have. We are real Vermonters clinging to these beautiful side hills. Let's support our family farms and home-based industries that will help keep Vermont the special place it is. Even though the Governor's now seeking waivers on NOx emissions to dump hundreds of tons of more pollution into our air, I wasn't asked, were you? Someone the other day said OMYA is a giant company and won't let a few small towns stand in their way. Goliath thought the same way as David walked down the hill to meet him.
May 30, 2000, Rutland Herald
The quarry question
The case of the Sheffield granite quarry shows that sentiment is not the determining factor in decisions about development in rural areas. It is a lesson that may be relearned in Danby.
Sheffield is a small Northeast Kingdom town where a South African company has opened up a long quiet granite quarry on a remote ridge. The quarry received an Act 250 permit, though opponents have appealed the permit to the state Environmental Board. The company, meanwhile, has begun operations with the hope of removing 400,000 cubic feet of rock per year.
Residents of Sheffield object to the establishment of a noisy industrial operation in their quiet neighborhood and to the truck traffic it will cause. The company, however, has been able to splinter the opposition by buying up properties near the quarry, sometimes at a handsome price.
The project raises issues similar to issues likely to arise should OMYA continue with plans to develop a marble quarry it owns in Danby. The operation would fill a quiet valley with noise, and narrow local roads would have to handle the steady traffic of heavy trucks. Local residents do not like the idea of their lovely rural valley transformed into a noisy industrial site.
The two quarrying operations have inspired determined grass-roots opposition. The opposition in Danby and neighboring Tinmouth is environmentalism of an elemental sort. It is not the environmentalism of the Montpelier lobbying groups, with lawyers and experts and out-of-state fund-raising operations. It is the environmentalism of local people who love the countryside where they have made their homes and do not want to see it ruined.
Opponents of projects like the quarries in Sheffield and Danby have their work cut out for them. Quarry supporters point out that, if the state is going to have any kind of stone industry, the quarries will have to be somewhere and that even in remote parts of Vermont, there will be at least a few nearby residents. They also point out that rural Vermont is not unused to the noisy work of extracting natural resources. Logging has a long and noisy history in our remote regions, and logging trucks are not unfamiliar on our rural roads.
So arguments based on the feelings of local residents opposing change are not likely to carry the day in environmental hearings. They haven't so far in Sheffield. Act 250 is designed to measure actual environmental impact.
Thus, in Danby serious questions will probably arise about the carrying capacity of the roads. In addition, people will probably try to find out as much as they can about the water table and how quarrying will affect groundwater and stream flow. Local grass-roots groups do not have the experts at their command that the companies do, but these are the factual questions that carry the greatest weight in environmental hearings.
The economic benefits of the Sheffield quarry are not expected to be great. There will be some new jobs, though offsetting job losses may occur in Barre. A rural state does well to foster industries that make use of natural resources. At the same time, the loveliness of the rural landscape helps foster the tourism industry, whose profits are more likely to remain in Vermont.
These are the contradictions inherent in the quarry question. Residents of Danby are already grappling with them.
July 13, 2000, Rutland Herald
FACTS AND QUESTIONS ABOUT OMYA'S QUARRY PLANS
Commentary by Donna Herrick
OMYA proposes to open a calcium carbonate mine on the east face of Dutch Hill in Danby Four Corners. No record of a quarry at the site exists in the state's geological records. In the 1960's, Georgia Marble Company bought some parcels of land on Dutch Hill and did core testing.
In 1976, OMYA/Pluess-Staufer, privately owned by the Swiss family of Max Schachenmann, came to Vermont. They bought Vermont Marble Company and shut down the fabricating plant in Proctor, resulting in the loss of some 200 jobs. For the past 24 years, OMYA has been extracting calcium carbonate ore from mines in Middlebury, Florence (Hogback), Brandon (Smokerise, now depleted), and South Wallingford (SLC) and processing it at the plant they built in Florence. They take marble, also known as calcium carbonate ore, and grind it into powder. OMYA takes pride in the automation of its facilities, reducing work force to a minimum. Mining and trucking operations are subcontracted out. OMYA also owns the famous Danby Marble Quarry and leases it to an Italian company, which produces stone for fabrication. OMYA owns land in 30 Vermont towns.
In 1988, OMYA purchased the holdings of Georgia Marble Company on Dutch Hill. Throughout the 1990's, OMYA continued buying more parcels of land on the east face of Dutch Hill. Their holdings are now continuous to the Danby/Tinmouth border and core sampling has been done throughout their parcel.
In 1992, a portion of Dutch Hill was clear cut. The clear cut is highly visible. A road was built, and neighbors noticed drilling and the exposure of rock. In response to queries to the Act 250 office in 1993, OMYA replied, " Use of this parcel is leased to an adjoining farmer as a cattle grazing pasture. The clear cutting of a portion of the parcel provides his cows easier access to the land ."
As a result of our questions, neighbors were taken out to lunch and a tour of the Middlebury quarry by OMYA. One of OMYA's geologists described how the Dutch Hill quarry would look -- a bare wall of white steps with trees that would help screen it but it would be quite noticeable. At the time of the clear-cut, OMYA representatives said that we would not see the quarry open in our lifetime. Except for this group of neighbors, OMYA's activities in Danby Four Corners have gone largely unnoticed. There is no sign on the property indicating it is the site of a future large-scale mining operation. Real estate brokers do not mention the possibility of a calcium carbonate mine when selling property in the area.
In December, 1999, Danby's Town Plan expired.
In January, 2000, OMYA sent a "Quarry Plan with Progressive Reclamation" document to the Danby Selectboard. OMYA requested the town's approval and support of their proposal in the Act 250 proceedings. The eight-page plan, with map, describes clearing a 33-acre area. They will cut into the face of the mountain, strip away the overburden, and stockpile the debris. The quarrying process will require drilling, blasting, loading, and trucking by 35 ton off-road haul trucks. The plant feed will be crushed, screened and stockpiled on site. Blasting will be performed 3 times a week. The deep pit they will dig will fill with water, which will be pumped into Baker Brook. Operating hours are to be from 7 a.m. to 6 p.m., six days per week. The blended plant feed will be hauled the 30-plus miles to the plant by 18-wheel dump trailers (76,000 pound gross weight, five axles) along an internal haul road to Old Otis Road, up Hoisington Crossroad, then to Tinmouth Road through Danby and Tinmouth, Route 140 through Tinmouth and Wallingford, and Route 7 north through Wallingford, Clarendon, Rutland Town, Rutland City and Pittsford.
OMYA's human resources director says the project will create 25 to 30 jobs -- eight to10 in Danby, 10 trucking jobs through Carter's in Pittsford, five or more factory jobs in Florence. The majority of the jobs at the site will go to employees of the subcontractors who will be operating the mine. There will not be equipment maintenance jobs for local people.
In meeting with neighboring town officials, OMYA's geologist said the resource they desire for "plant feed" runs to the Tinmouth line and " there certainly is that potential " to go all the way. They have stated that the specific site they propose to open will last 50-plus years, so the possibility exists for a much longer-term mining operation. OMYA acknowledges " there's obviously going to be visual impacts, noise impacts, those will be the two greatest from the quarry itself and then there's the issue of running trucks on the town roads ." OMYA proposes to " start small ," with 40 round trips per day.
Tinmouth and Middletown Springs are opposed to the trucking and the mine. Wallingford held a public hearing and a petition is circulating to oppose the trucking. In Danby, no public meetings have been held yet, although OMYA officials were present at Danby's Planning Commission meetings and John Mitchell, OMYA's V.P., spent 20 minutes selling calcium carbonate and OMYA to residents who came to comment on our Town Plan. OMYA's Public Relations firm, Cohn and Wolfe of Washington, D.C., is contacting storekeepers, residents who speak out, and selectboard and planning commission members. One-third of Danby's property is within 2 miles of the mine. OMYA has not indicated when they plan to file their Act 250 application.
Most people seem to agree that the roads cannot handle the trucks. There is no good route, no safe way to get the material out. Roads and bridges are posted at 24,000 pounds. OMYA has made no offers to pay for infrastructure improvements. Private property and difficult terrain stand in the way of rail or conveyor solutions.
--Are the taxpayers of Danby, Tinmouth, Wallingford and the state of Vermont expected to fix the roads and bridges to accommodate OMYA's trucks?
--What has happened to property values in the area as a result of OMYA's announcement to open a strip mine?
--What will the economic impact be to property owners near the mine and truck route?
--Will lower property values in one part of town result in higher taxes for the rest of town?
--How many jobs will be lost to the area because mining is incompatible with other businesses?
--How many jobs have already been lost because people have put plans to invest in home improvements on hold?
--Who will compensate property owners for damages?
--How much more will OMYA pay to the Town of Danby in addition to property taxes once the mine is open?
--What benefits are there for Tinmouth and Wallingford?
--Should this beautiful valley accommodate this kind of industrial development?
--How much will this Act 250 proceeding cost?
It is time for our towns, the region, and the state to understand the magnitude of OMYA's proposal and to begin addressing its impacts.
Donna Herrick lives in Danby on the truck route and half a mile from the mountain OMYA proposes to mine.
July 28, 2000, Rutland Herald
Yes to Act 250
July 28, 2000
The Vermont Supreme Court left no doubt in a ruling released on Wednesday that it is fully within the state's authority to regulate truck traffic from OMYA Inc. on Route 7.
OMYA had appealed a ruling by the state Environmental Board that a proposed increase in truck traffic through Brandon would have damaging effects in Brandon. A proposed expansion of OMYA's quarry in Middlebury had triggered Act 250, bringing the issue of truck traffic within the purview of the state's land use law.
OMYA questioned the fairness of the ruling. A company that increased truck traffic little by little over time by virtue of a gradual increase in business would escape notice from state regulators.
But the increase proposed by OMYA would not be little by little. It was tied to a specific project, the quarry in Middlebury, and Act 250 review of that project required the District 9 Environmental Commission to look at the impact of the quarry expansion on traffic.
Act 250 is ill-equipped to regulate the effects of incremental growth. No one would want state regulators to micromanage the many small changes that occur within a thriving economy. Rather, the law is designed to weigh the impacts of major developments. Thus, if OMYA is facing special burdens, they are the same burdens all major developers face: the need to work within the parameters of Vermont's environmental values.
OMYA was not proposing to increase truck traffic by one or two trucks. It was proposing to double the traffic through Brandon - from 85 to 170 round trips. Already OMYA trucks account for 25 percent of the truck traffic through the village; the increase would have brought it to 40 percent. At present an OMYA truck passes through the village once every four minutes during the work day. That would have increased to once every two minutes.
In upholding the board's ruling, the court discarded the claim by OMYA that the board had infringed on the authority of the Agency of Transportation. Act 250 has primacy over the regulatory authority of other agencies, the court ruled. The court also relied on previous court rulings to find that regulation by the state did not amount to an unlawful "taking" of OMYA's property.
The court's ruling was another in a line of cases upholding the authority of Act 250. OMYA will have to take that into consideration as it pursues its plans to open a quarry in Danby.
Plans for the Danby quarry have provoked stiff opposition from residents in Danby, Tinmouth, and Wallingford who are concerned about truck traffic on inadequate rural roads and about the noise and other effects of the quarry itself. It is impossible to say how a quarry in Danby would fare under Act 250, but the high court's ruling this week ensures that Act 250 ought to serve as a good vehicle for the community to express its concerns.
OMYA has challenged the Environmental Board ruling in U.S. District Court, saying the state has no right to bar use of federal highways or to regulate interstate commerce. Of course, the state regulates the use of Route 7 in many ways, and it also regulates commerce in many ways. It is not clear that the constitutional challenge will get any further than the challenge in state court.
What is clear is that Act 250 has received an important affirmation by the Vermont Supreme Court in the OMYA case.
August 11, 2000, Rutland Herald
Danby must pay attention
Commentary by Donna Herrick
I would like to comment on a recent article in the Rutland Herald reporting
on the Aug. 3 Danby Select Board meeting and the discussions of OMYAs
January 13 proposal to the town of Danby for an open-pit calcium carbonate
No one is disputing that some of Danby's history is in mining, and no one is
discounting the world-famous Imperial Marble Quarry, owned by OMYA Inc. and
leased to Vermont Quarries Corp. These are both important parts of Danby.
However, what many people are asking are a some simple questions: Is this
new OMYA proposal an appropriate project for the town of Danby, for this
valley? How do the impacts of this project balance out? We are merely
trying to get our town officials interested in this project and its possible
effects on their, our, town of Danby.
Since OMYA's proposal to the town was made public, many of us have been very
busy getting as much information as possible about this. When we discovered
OMYAs proposal, we approached the town Select Board in February, 2000 and
asked them not to respond favorably to the proposal without studying the
We have consistently been returning to Select Board meetings to request them
to study and discuss what we feel are very important impacts. It has been
very frustrating. Neighboring towns have shown interest in gathering
information about this proposal. Wallingford's web site even has a copy of
OMYA's proposal to the town of Danby.
There is talk this mine would increase the tax base; my understanding of
OMYAs South Wallingford site is that they are assessed an additional
$52,500 for the crusher and generator housing. OMYA presently pays almost
$27,000 (99 grand list figures) for Dutch Hill properties in Danby. The
increased assessment similar to Wallingford would bring in perhaps another
$1,000 to the Danby tax base. This is hardly enough to offset the diminished
grand list from the numerous property value reductions which even OMYAs
public relations girls admitted to a neighbor were inevitable.
I would now like to address some of the comments quoted from Brad Bender, a
town lister and chairman of the Danby Planning Commission. Mr. Bender uses
property sales since August 1999 to apparently show that people are buying
property and homes here with no concern.
First, OMYAs proposal is dated Jan 13, 2000, and was initially officially
discussed at the February 2000 Select Board meeting. So sales before then
are basically irrelevant to this discussion. Second, Mr. Bender does not
say how many of the people making property purchases since this proposed
mine was public knowledge were informed of the mine. Nor does he mention
that presently some realtors are still not disclosing this information.
Mr. Bender offers a description of the proposed mine that certainly is not
the description in OMYAs own proposal to the Town of Danby, nor the one I
was given by OMYAs geologist during our Middlebury tour. In a discussion
with neighboring town officials, OMYAs geologist said " we took a number of
neighbors from Danby up to Middlebury quarry ......and I think that was
probably a little misleading and we probably shouldve shown them a quarry
like Hogback, thats the scale were talking about."
Well, I have seen Middlebury and Hogback Quarries close up, and they are not
simple little holes in the ground. Besides the actual excavation area where
the rock is taken from, there are areas with large, very high stockpiles of
various stones, the crusher, and generator area that also includes room for
dumping and loading, the huge waste area where there are piles of rejected
material, and, of course, there are the numerous necessary roads to get to
and from all these sections.
According to OMYAs proposal, the base of the initial quarry site is at
1540 elevation. Most of the Tinmouth Road in the area near the site is
around 1400 elevation. When they did the clear-cutting of the site in
1992-1993, they removed any trees that may have provided screening for their
operations. How is this not going to be visible? I have not heard that OMYA
has changed their plans for this proposed mine. Does Mr. Bender have access
to information that has not been made available to the public?
OMYA does indeed own property all the way to the Tinmouth line and while
this proposal does not mention mining to that extent, one OMYA geologist
said "The material runs that way and there certainly is that potential."
When questioned further on that subject, they do not and will not rule out
any future expansion. Therefore that possibility must be taken into
In conclusion I would like to say that this proposed open-pit strip mine for
calcium carbonate ore is expected to last at least 50 to 100 years. Wouldnt
anyone in their right mind facing such long lasting changes want to study
all possible impacts, present and future?
Donna Herrick is a resident of Danby.
August 17, 2000, Rutland Herald
Public must be involved in OMYA debate
Commentary by Annette Smith (Executive Director of Vermonters for a Clean Environment, Inc.)
Vermonters are blessed with a strong tradition of public process and local control. Vermont is a small state with the perception that our elected officials are accessible and will listen to us. We have Act 248 to deal with power plant proposals and Act 250 for projects with land use impacts.
When developers propose grand schemes for Vermont without respecting our processes, when wealthy developers operate behind closed doors to influence our local officials, when our state officials are not responsive, then we have our right to free speech.
Last year, power plant and pipeline promoters asked Select Boards for letters of support prior to filing their Act 248 application. I didn't think their request was appropriate because hardly anyone knew about their billion-dollar gas project. So I asked Select Boards to hear my arguments in opposition if they were going to consider supporting it. Eventually I addressed ten Select Boards. Eight of them, or the townspeople, voted to oppose the gas project. Vermonters for a Clean Environment (VCE) was formed in the absence of public process. The developers never filed an Act 248 application.
A year later, Governor Dean decided to listen to the people and he withdrew his support for the project. However, the developers still have not called it off. As recently as August 1, Tom Macaulay, power plant developer, said in public that he is continuing work on the project and has the endorsement of the administration. However on the same day, Governor Dean said "the state will not pursue this, they will not promote it and we will not support it...This pipeline is not going to go along the route that these people are proposing because everybody that I know of seems to be opposed to it and I'm not going to support something that everybody is opposed to." Vermonters continue to be impacted by the proposed pipeline route and VCE has asked Governor Dean, DPS Commissioner Sedano and ANR Secretary Johnstone to contact the companies and bring this nightmare to an end. We await their responses.
Incredibly, another large industrial project with massive impacts has been proposed by developers who do not respect our public processes. OMYA, the private Swiss mining company with a factory in Pittsford, Vermont and mines in Middlebury, Pittsford and South Wallingford, announced in January that they intend to open a calcium carbonate mine in the Danby Four Corners valley. Their plan impacts some of the same towns that are still impacted by the pipeline route, and the proposed pipeline route is adjacent to the proposed mining operation. Half a dozen towns could become truck routes, and hundreds of property owners are now concerned about their property values.
We have a process to allow the public to participate in expert testimony on issues that will decide whether this proposal will be approved. But seven months have elapsed since OMYA sent their 8-page plan to the Danby Select Board and OMYA has not yet filed their Act 250 application and has given no indication when they will file or if they will file at all.
Instead of doing their homework and preparing to meet the 10 criteria of Act 250, OMYA has been spending their money on a public relations firm that has been meeting with Select Board and Planning Commission members and dropping in on residents in the towns affected. Without any facts or documentation, the public relations effort has been to try to persuade people that the impacts will be minimal. Even a superficial review of the proposal indicates this is an enormous project with massive impacts.
Last month OMYA met with the Rutland Economic Development Corporation, and last week REDC issued an invitation to Select Board members to attend a meeting "to join us with your thoughts regarding this project." David O'Brien, executive director of REDC, has already spoken publicly in favor of the proposal. It would seem more appropriate for REDC to go to our towns' Select Boards to hear their concerns in our public forums rather than call them to a meeting of questionable legality.
OMYA has participated in public meetings in Tinmouth and Wallingford, but not Danby. Since April, Danby citizens have been asking their Select Board and OMYA to hold an informational meeting in Danby. Instead, the Danby Select Board warned a meeting for the end of September, warned as follows: "Do the residents of the Town of Danby oppose the creation of a quarry off Otis Road in the Town of Danby?" How do the citizens of Danby know whether or not they oppose this until they have an informational meeting in their town? There is an old Vermont adage that goes: "When in doubt, vote no." A "no" vote will mean support of the OMYA plan. This makes us wonder if the Danby Select Board is trying to confuse us.
The actions of the Danby Select Board demonstrate that they are not being sensitive to the public or to the process. Their meetings are unique in their format. While every other town holds their meetings with the Select Board facing the public and chairs for the public in which to sit, the Danby Select Board huddles around a table. A counter separates them from the public, and there are at most four chairs. They include a reporter in their huddle. The public cannot hear what they are saying.
In light of the fact that many citizens of Danby feel that the public process has been lacking and after careful consideration, Vermonters for a Clean Environment has decided to expand our agenda to address OMYA's proposal. We will hold a public informational meeting for the people of Danby to provide facts and information about OMYA's proposal and the Act 250 process. It will be held Thursday, August 31, at 7 PM at the Danby Town Hall in Danby Four Corners. VCE believes that an informed electorate will make the best decisions for their town. The Select Board and OMYA are invited to attend.
September 5, 2000, Rutland Herald
A meeting last week in Danby showed that a new form of home-grown grassroots environmentalism has taken hold in Danby and the surrounding area.
The immediate concern of people in Danby, Tinmouth, and Wallingford is plans from OMYA Inc. to open a quarry in Danby. Previously, people in the area had mounted strong opposition to plans to run a natural gas pipeline from Bennington to Rutland through their towns.
Their activism on these issues is a reminder that concern by local people about local conditions is what gave birth to the environmental movement. The environmental movement has evolved so that interest groups with lobbyists have made a profession of defending environmental interests. Bureaucrats are entrusted with administering environmental rules.
But in the beginning there were people concerned about birds that were dying, water that was poisoned, and mountainsides polluted with sewage.
In Danby's case, residents are putting local government on notice that they want OMYA's proposal to get a thorough review and they want Danby's interests to be protected.
Citizen activism and community involvement are enjoying a healthy revival in those towns. Gov. Howard Dean, who was an initial supporter of the concept of a natural gas pipeline, eventually had to bow to public sentiment, which overwhelmingly opposed the project. He and others are likely to hear even more about the Danby quarry.
11/16/00: All Danby has interest in blocking quarry Rutland Herald
12/10/00: Going nowhere Rutland Herald
1/11/01: Backs turned Rutland Herald
3/21/01: Finding a way - Rutland Herald
7/01/01: Rutland needs a civil discourse - Rutland Herald
7/15/01: Civil discourse? Pick up the phone - Rutland Herald
10/24/01: Common Ground - Rutland Herald
10/27/01: A step forward - Rutland Herald
10/31/01: Toward Responsible Development - Rutland Herald
11/1/01: Complacency in high places - Rutland Herald
4/27/02: Court-imposed hush - Burlington Free Press
4/28/02: Real choices - Rutland Herald
5/22/02: Vermont's economy with or without Omya - Rutland Herald
8/22/02: Economic prosperity. Quality of Life - Bennington Banner
9/26/02: OMYA numbers don't add up-Bennington Banner
12/19/02: Actions speak louder than words - Vermont Business Magazine