Unresolved Issues/Data Needs

Dr. Richard Bull on Chloramine
Chloramine Info Center
Pennsylvania citizens working to keep chloramine out of their water
Vermont has joined the growing number of states with public water systems that are switching from free chlorine to chloramine as a water disinfectant. In April 2006, the Champlain Water District, which serves 68,000 people in Chittenden County, began adding ammonium sulfate to the chlorine, creating chloramine. Almost immediately, some water district customers complained about skin, digestive and breathing problems after using the water.

In Hot Water? Chloramine Controversy Bubbles Up in Grand Isle
Seven Days VT
March 28, 2012

Tap Water: Running A Risk?
Nov. 10, 2011

Zantac a source of tap water carcinogen
ENDS Report
April 2011

Chlorine Substitutes in Water May Have Risks
National Public Radio
January 7, 2011

Protection or Poison?
Chloramination of Drinking Water
by Erin Brockovich
October, 2010

Chloramines: the benefits vs. the risks
Cape Ann Beacon
July 30, 2010

City's water experts stand by chloramines
Gloucester Times
July 28, 2010

Chloramine is now in the West Shore's water
Patriot News
July 14, 2010

County: New chemicals caused lead taint in IBM water
Poughkeepsie Journal
June 17, 2010

State House panel seeks more information on Pennsylvania American Water's chloramine plan
Patriot News
June 17, 2010

House committee to hear chloramine testimony Thursday
Patriot News
June 16, 2010

Our Water Disinfectant: a Civil Rights Violation
San Mateo Daily Journal
May 31, 2010

Leesburg Opts Against Use Of Chloramines At Treatment Plant
Leesburg Today
May 14, 2010

Shampoo, Cosmetics May Form Cancer-Causing Substance in Water Supplies
National Geographic News
April 29, 2010

Chloramine Issues Leave Water Safety Less Than Crystal Clear
Patriot News Op-Ed
April 23, 2010

Safe Municipal Water In Vermont?
Vermont Woman Commentary
April 2010

Chloramine is Toxic to the Environment

The Other Paper Letter to the Editor
April 2010

Be careful with chloramine
Williston Observer Guest Column

West Shore Fights Water Changeover
The Sentinel

Be careful with chloramine
Williston Observer Letter

Antelope Valley water users leery of chloramines
Los Angeles Times
December 10, 2009

New addition to water supply concerns residents
Houston Community Newspaper

Making a switch
The Sun/Houston

Hope springs for chloramine study
Los AltosTown Crier   

Pros, cons of water additive debated
Patriot News
June 19, 2009

Vt. legislature approves water treatment bill
Williston Observer
May 14, 2009

Senate mulls water treatment legislation
Bill could put moratorium on chloramine use
Williston Observer
April 30, 2009

Water Companies Switch Chemicals, But Is It Safe?
March 20, 2009

West Shore Group Against Adding Chemicals To Drinking Water
WGAL-TV-Cumberland Co., PA
March 20, 2009

Chloramine fight goes to the state Supreme Court
The Sentinel, PA
March 19, 2009

Clean Water Conundrum
Listen: WDUQ Pittsburgh Public Radio
February 17, 2009

Local residents concerned about chemicals in water supply
Miscellany News
February 11, 2009

Chloramines clamor brings out cross crowd
Antelope Valley Press
January 23, 2009

What's Coming From Your Tap?
Wall Street Journal
August 19, 2008

The Work Behind Clean Water
The Other Paper
June 26, 2008

Chloramine Group Achieves New Legislation
The Other Paper
June 19, 2008

We must act to protect our water resources
Herald Sun
May 11, 2008

Water spill kills McLean fish
Fairfax County Times
April 2, 2008

Vermont group charges chloramine hazards dismissed
February 26, 2008

Opponents Slam Report on Chloramine
Burlington Free Press
January 24, 2008

Activists, Lawmakers Criticize CDC’s Chloramine Report
Seven Days
January 23, 2008

Hunting for link between water and health, CDC tours plant
Associated Press
September 27, 2007

CDC hears chloramine complaints
Burlington Free Press
September 27, 2007

Consider alternatives to chloramine in water
Patriot News
September 27, 2007

Feds Listen to Complaints About Water
September 26, 2007

CDC officials hear complaints about chloramine
Vermont Public Radio
September 26, 2007

CDC Officials to Visit Vermont
Vermont Public Radio
September 25, 2007

CWD Report Ignores Health Problems
The Shelburne News
July 19, 2007

Concern about chloramine must be taken seriously
Burlington Free Press
April 29, 2007

Health Department will not halt chloramine use
Vermont Public Radio
April 16, 2007

Clean water advocates keep up pressure
Vermont Guardian
April 12, 2007

Senate Checks Out Health Impact of New Water Additive
Seven Days
March 28, 2007

Citizens protest use of chloramine by Champlain Water District
Vermont Public Radio
March 20, 2007

Residents Fight For Safe Drinking Water
Vermont Guardian
March 22, 2007

Complaints Surface About New Water Disinfection Method
Seven Days
August 2, 2006

Champlain Water District Switches Its Chemical Mix
Seven Days
March 29, 2006

Champlain Water District alters treatment
Burlington Free Press
March 29, 2006

Rutland Citizens for Clean and Safe Water Website
www.chloramine.org, Citizens Concerned about Chloramine, the San Francisco area group of people who first made the connection between health problems and chloramine disinfection of their water.

Thirty minute discussion about
chloramine in drinking water

South Burlington
parts of Milton
Essex Junction
Jericho Village

Considering Using Chloramine
Grand Isle

Vermont Towns that use Chloramine
California Clean Water
Clean Water Important Videos about Chloramine
The Science of Chloramine
Testimony on H.80
February 12, 2009

Public Records about Chloramine
from VT's Dept. of Environmental Conservation, 2008

Public Hearing
Vermont Senate Health and Welfare Committee's 5-Hour Hearing on Chloramine, 3/13/08
If you live in an area that is using chloramine and think you might be experiencing health effects
please report your symptoms to VCE and
Contact the Vermont Dept. of Health
• CWD Manager Jim Fay
• ANR Secretary Deb Markowitz
• Governor Peter Shumlin

Read examples of Symptom Reports


Chloramine and the Environment: "BAD FOR FISH, GOOD FOR PEOPLE?"

Food and Water Watch's
Fact Sheet
about chloramine
Does the EPA regulate the disinfection by-products of chloramine?

EPA: We have the authority to implement the safe drinking water act and we do that through our regulations.  The regulations now require that water systems control the level of disinfection byproducts

VCE:  of chlorine

EPA:  of chlorine and any disinfection byproducts
VCE:  What about byproducts of chloramines?

EPA:  We have not regulated those. 

Transcript of discussion between VCE and EPA staff at the meeting held at Vermont's Department of Health on 9/26/07

Have health studies been done on chloramine for the symptoms people are reporting?

"In terms of the kinds of health
effects that people are complaining about, there really haven't been any studies to really address that issue in a statistically significant way," said
Lorraine Backer from the Centers for Disease Control.

WCAX-TV's broadcast,Sept. 26, 2007

Do you know what's coming into the Grand Isle Consolidated Water District soon? In Feb., officials snuck through a ballot initiative to replace chlorine with chloramine (ammonia + chlorine) into your water supply. This is a disinfectant that is making people ill all over the country. There is still a chance to keep it out of your water, thanks to a new law that People Concerned About Chloramine, a citizens group in Chittenden County, helped get passed. You have the right to request a public hearing before a permit is issued for the use of chloramine in the Grand Isle Consolidated Water District. Don't miss this opportunity. We who have lived with chloramine can tell you the heartbreaking effect it has had on people exposed to it in Chittenden County and elsewhere. People have a right to safe water for all. Come to an informational meeting May 23, 2012, at 7pm, Grand Isle United Methodist Church, 12 Hyde Rd., Grand Isle. 
No Tap Water
Sign on Cancer Patient's Hospital Room Door
Is it because of chloramine?
Dallas, Texas
Sign This Petition

Environmental Protection Agency's "Messaging" Campaign in Response to Health Complaints about Chloraminated Water

VCE filed a Freedom of Information Act request with EPA in 2009 and received materials that did not answer the question. Many materials were withheld, so we appealed and received more materials in Aug. 2010.

Click on the links below to read what we received from the 2nd round, the materials that were withheld the first time. What we learn from these files is that EPA has devoted substantial resources to messaging rather than trying to determine why people are reporting the impacts that they are.
Note: these are large files.

1. Emails from 2004 and 2007
2. Emails from 2007 and 2008
3. Emails from 2008 and 2009
4. Chloramine use by Region and multi-year emails
5. Correspondence about chloramine use in CA
6. Chloramine in VT and CA
7. EPA Message Maps 1
8. EPA Message Maps 2
9. EPA Message Maps 3
10. Chloramine EPA website info
11. EPA Message Maps and website info
12. EPA Chloramine Criteria Document and PA
13. EPA Message Maps 4
14. EPA Message Maps 5
15. EPA Message Maps 6
16. EPA Message Maps 7

Testimony June 17, 2010 to the Pennsylvania Legislature's
House Committee on Health and Welfare

VCE's Annette Smith and PCAC member Brie Hoblin follow PA's Chloramine Info Center's Susan Pickford in testifying before the committee about health problems from chloramine
Full Transcript of the hearing
June 17, 2010

Public Records about Chloramine from Vermont State Government
February and March, 2012

1. Dept. of Environmental Conservation, Feb. 2012
2. Department of Health, March 2012